The herpes virus can be categorized as one of two types: herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2. The HSV-1 type is mainly transmitted by oral contact, which causes oral herpes, but can also cause genital herpes. Symptoms of oral herpes may include cold sores. HSV-2 is mainly a sexually transmittable infection and causes genital herpes. Both infections are lifelong and are not curable. However, symptoms can be treatable with medications. Symptoms can include painful blisters or ulcers at the site of infection. The herpes infections are most contagious during an outbreak, but can still be transmitted even when symptoms are not present. The HSV-2 infection increases your risk of acquiring and spreading the HIV infection.
Although both of these are mostly symptomatic, it can cause mild symptoms or painful blisters or ulcers at the infection site.
HSV-1 is highly contagious. It is a common endemic worldwide. Most HSV-1 infections occur during childhood, and it is a lifelong infection. The vast majority of this infection is oral herpes, but some HSV-1 infections can cause genital herpes as well. Signs and symptoms of oral herpes infection are: painful blisters or ulcers in or around the mouth, commonly known as cold sores. An infected person will often experience itching, burning, or tingling sensation around the mouth before an outbreak. HSV-1 genital herpes can have mild symptoms that may go unrecognized. When symptoms occur they usually include: genital blisters or ulcers. HSV-1 is mainly transmitted through oral contact. Both oral and genital HSV-1 can be asymptomatic.
HSV-2 is an infection that is widespread throughout the world. It is almost exclusively transmitted through sexual contact, whoch causes genital herpes. HSV-2 is the main cause of genital herpes. It is a lifelong virus and is incurable. HSV-2 infects more women than men, because the sexual transmission of HSV is more efficient from men to women than vice versa. There are often no signs of genital herpes. There may be mild symptoms that go unrecognized. Most people who have the infection do not know that they are infected. When symptoms do occur, they usually include: genital or anal blisters, or ulcers, fever, body aches, swollen lymph nodes. HSV-2 is mainly transmitted during sexual intercourse by the contact of genital surfaces, skin sores, or the fluids from an infected person.
The test for HSV-1 and HSV-2 will measure the level of IgG antibodies in your blood. These antibodies are your body's immune response to the virus. This test will indicate which virus the IgG antibodies are responding to and will tell you if you are positive for HSV-1 or HSV-2. Sexually active person who have been having unprotected sex are at a greater risk of exposure and should be tested. Person having HSV are more at risk to contract HIV and other more serious STDs.
Test Range Results:
A positive test result means that you are infected with the HSV virus. It can stay dormant and not cause any symptoms. You can still infect your sexual partner even if there are no symptoms of infection. If you have a positive test result, please consult your primary care physician.