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Uric acid

Uric acid

Uric acid is a product that is produced when the human body metabolizes a substance called purines. Most of the uric acid contained in the body travels throughout the bloodstream to the kidneys where it is removed through the urine. In fact, uric acid does not pose any problem for the body, the problem is when the human body produces too much of this substance or when its elimination is not effective, causing it to accumulate and causing negative consequences.

When a person presents high levels of uric acid in the blood suffers from a clinical condition known as hyperuricemia, which brings as a consequence the formation of uric acid crystals that concentrate the joints causing inflammation of these. This disease is known as gout disease, and is characterized by the severe pains it causes in the joints, for this reason is the importance of maintaining uric acid at normal levels, to avoid ailments and worse consequences. Under normal conditions, about one-third of the uric acid contained in our body comes from food and the other two thirds originate from internal metabolism, which means that generally excess uric acid in the blood comes of our diet, of the intake of foods with high content of purines, as well as this evil can be attributed to an excess of internal production or a defect in its elimination.

Normal levels of uric acid To avoid the negative consequences of having high levels of uric acid in our body, we must emphasize maintaining them in the following ranges:

Women: from 2.4 to 5.7 mg / dL.
Men: 3.4 to 7.0 mg / dL.

Lifestyle and diet directly influence uric acid levels, the people most likely to maintain these high values ​​are: Male people. With congenital history to suffer gout disease. People who consume alcohol habitually. People who usually consume caffeine. Stressful situations. People who suffer from diseases such as obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes and dyslipidemia. Foods That Increase Uric Acid Levels The foods rich in purine that favor the elevation of uric acid levels are the following: Seafood: Prawns. Prawns. Lobsters. Crabs. Oysters. Clams. Mussels. Scallops. Meats: Liver. Kidneys. Heart. Chicken. Pork. Veal. Ox. Lamb. Turkey. Derivatives of animal meat: Chorizo, sausage, sausage, among others. Vegetables and legumes: Lentils. Chickpeas. Bean. Asparagus. Mushrooms. Cauliflower. Spinach. Radishes. Leeks. Other foods that increase uric acid: All kinds of alcoholic drinks, especially beer and wine. Refreshments Juices based. All kinds of confectionery. Foods that lower uric acid levels One of the best foods to reduce uric acid levels are artichokes. These vegetables are very diuretic, a condition that facilitates the elimination of toxins and prevents at the same time the retention of liquids. Other good vegetables to lower uric acid levels are: The onion. The pumpkin. Celery. The carrot. Among the beneficial fruits to keep uric acid levels low in the body are: The strawberry. The Apple. The cherry. Citrus fruits: oranges, mandarins, limes, lemons. any citrus fruit in general. Blueberries.