Blood tests: Triglycerides
Triglycerides are a type of fat that circulates in the bloodstream, are the main type of fat transported by the body. Once ingested and metabolized the fat of food, the body releases triglycerides in order to provide energy to the body or to be stored as fat. The main organ involved in the production of triglycerides is the liver, which can produce them spontaneously or can transform any energy source into triglycerides.
Normal levels of triglycerides: Triglyceride levels in the blood vary with age, time between food intake and blood time, so take into account these factors that can lead to false levels . The ideal time to perform the triglyceride tests is after 12 hours of eating. The normal value of triglycerides varies between 100 and 150 mg / dL for healthy people. For those with heart problems, triglyceride levels should be below 100 mg / dL. If cholesterol levels are normal in the blood test but triglyceride levels are elevated, it does not appear to be a risk factor for heart disease, but if the patient suffers from diabetes or pancreatitis he should be treated. Association between cholesterol and triglycerides
When a person ingests fat through food, triglycerides are combined with a protein in the blood giving way to the formation of high and low density lipoproteins, these lipoproteins in turn contain cholesterol. At the same time triglycerides are also formed in the liver, this organ takes carbohydrates and leftover proteins in food and converts them to fat, this fat that is formed is mixed with protein and cholesterol to give way to very low lipoproteins density that are released into the bloodstream.
Factors that raise triglyceride levels: The main factor that triggers triglyceride levels in the human organism are the foods that are consumed, another factor may be congenital or hereditary. Other common causes that raise triglyceride levels would be:
Sedentarism: by not burning the fat formed by the body to provide energy to the body, it accumulates it making the person to gain weight and at the same time causing the triglyceride levels to increase.
Excessive consumption of calories: Alcohol and foods that contain a lot of sugar are the main foods that contribute triglycerides to the body. Alcohol directly influences the production of triglycerides in the liver.
Age: Normally triglyceride levels increase according to age. Medications: drugs such as contraceptives, steroids, diuretics, among others, influence the production of triglycerides and consequently increase their levels in the body. Diseases: High levels of triglycerides may appear as a secondary factor of underlying diseases such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, kidney and liver disease. People with diabetes and women after menopause are the ones who must care for and maintain triglyceride levels, and high levels of this component can lead to extra risk to the person with these ills. Statistically more than 75% of people with diabetes suffer from high triglyceride levels and more than 30% of menopausal women suffer from the same problem. Inheritance: In many cases members of the same family suffer from high levels of triglycerides.